Cancer treatment is the use of surgery, radiation, medications and other therapies to cure a cancer, shrink a cancer or stop the progression of a cancer.
There are many types of cancer treatment but the types of treatment depend on the type of cancer a person has and how advanced it is.
Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. But most people have a combination of treatments, such as surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. When you need treatment for cancer, you have a lot to learn and think about. It is normal to feel overwhelmed and confused. But, talking with your doctor and learning about the types of treatment you may have can help you feel more in control.
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When used to treat cancer, surgery is a procedure in which a surgeon removes cancer from your body. Learn the different ways that surgery is used against cancer and what you can expect before, during, and after surgery.
Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumours.
Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells.
Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer.
Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that interfere with cancer cell division. It
targets the changes in cancer cells that help them grow, divide, and spread.
Hormone therapy is a treatment that slows or stops the growth of breast and prostate cancers that use hormones to grow.
Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplant
[Image credit]Image by: https://www.ohsu.edu/knight-cancer-institute/understanding-bone-marrow-and-stem-cell-transplants
Stem cell transplants are procedures that restore blood-forming stem cells in cancer patients who have had theirs destroyed by very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Precision medicine helps doctors select treatments that are most likely to help patients based on a genetic understanding of their disease.